Barbara Helwing holds the Edwin Cuthbert Hall Chair in Middle Eastern Archaeology at the University of Sydney. She specialises in the archaeology of Southwest Asia, with longstanding on-site experience in Iran, Turkey and Azerbaijan, and has more recently shifted her attention to South Asia, with a new field project in Sri Lanka. Her research focuses on the functioning of ancient human societies in an interdisciplinary and diachronic perspective, looking at human-environment as well as human-technology interactions and the role of innovations therein. As a side-line, she is also interested in the history of archaeology in the countries of Southwest and South Asia within its historical and political context. Before coming to Australia in 2016, she taught Near Eastern Prehistory and Archaeology in Lyon, Tübingen, Berlin, Tehran and Ankara. From 2000 to 2014, she was head of the German Archaeological Institute in Iran.